The founder of Social Work, Jane Addams

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She was four when she contracted tuberculosis of the spine. Which caused a curvature in her spine and lifelong health problems, including having to spend months bedridden at times.

But Jane Addams knew from a young age that she wanted to help the poor. And help she did.

She would go on to start the Hull House in Chicago, become a co-founder of the ACLU, a founder of social work in the U.S., and the first woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Emma Nutt — first female telephone operator

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“She was patient and savvy, her voice cultured and soothing..the model all telephone companies sought to emulate.”

Emma Nutt became the first female telephone operator in the U.S. on September 1st, 1878.

She was hired by Alexander Graham Bell who understood that teenage boys who were being employed as operators would not be a sustainable solution. They were impatient and rude.

She did so well and set the standard that “by the end of the 1880s, the job had become an exclusively female trade.”

Source: http://time.com/4011936/emma-nutt/

Harriet Tubman

 

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“She always came in the winter, when the nights are long and dark, and people who have homes stay in them. Once she had made contact with escaping slaves, they left town on Saturday evenings, since newspapers would not print runaway notices until Monday morning.”

Harriet Tubman was a petite woman of five feet, who was disabled from a head injury in youth, and who was a former slave who escaped to her freedom.

In her free life, she became a conductor on the Underground Railroad, where over a span of 11 years she rescued hundreds of slaves. 

Harriet was never captured and neither were any of the slaves she rescued.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harriet_Tubman

Marshall “Major” Taylor

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“It may seem hard to imagine now, when cycling is but a footnote on American sports pages except when the Tour de France unfolds, but there was a time when there was no bigger attraction than…bicycle track racing and there was no bigger star than…Major Taylor.

Taylor was dominant like Babe Ruth; he made racial history like Jackie Robinson.

He was a compact, extraordinarily fit man. At 5 feet 7 inches, with muscles sculpted from winters of workouts, he had perfected an aerodynamic stance on the bicycle in which his back was perfectly flat and his head barely tilted up.”

He would become world champion at the 1-mile distance, and in one six-week period in 1899, he would establish seven world records.

Marshall “Major” Taylor was one of the best known athletes of his time.

Source: Almost all text taken directly from http://www.michaelkranish.com/Michael_Kra…/Major_Taylor.html

Jan & Miep Gies

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Miep and Jan Gies met while working together at a textile company in the Netherlands. She was a typist, he an accountant. They were friends first, but after spending many nights together listening to Mozart and going to the cinema, the two started to settle into a relationship. On July 16th, 1941, they married. This photograph, which captures them staring at each other with loving eyes is from their wedding day.

Not long after their wedding, they would be asked to hide Anne Frank and her family. Miep’s reply to the request was “of course.”

Source: http://www.miepgies.nl/en/Biography/Jan%20Gies/

Bobby Kennedy

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He was known as Bobby. And he was “an extremely tender person.” A man who lived life with the traits he most admired, loyalty and courage.

As a young boy, Bobby was considered the “runt” of his family by his father. Because he “was the most generous little boy.”

But Bobby was tough, determined, the type of person who stayed in a football game even after breaking his leg. Or the type of person who fought to ensure equality for all in the U.S.

He believed that “the purpose of life is to contribute in some way to making things better.” And contribute he most certainly did.

Sources: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_F._Kennedy & http://www.thecrimson.com/…/19…/6/1/rfk-a-legacy-in-his-own/

Stagecoach Mary, the first African American woman to work as a U.S. mail carrier

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She lived in Montana, in a town called Cascade. There she was a celebrated member of the community. All schools would close on her birthday, and though women were not allowed entry into saloons, she was given special permission to come in.

In 1895, at the age of 60, Mary Fields, or “Stagecoach Mary” as she was sometimes called because she never missed a day of work, became the second woman and first African American woman to work as a mail carrier in the U.S. She got the job because she was the fastest applicant to hitch six horses.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Fields

Ted Roosevelt Jr leads on D-Day

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This is Ted Roosevelt Jr., son of the President for whom he was named after.

On D-Day during WWII, he was 56 years old. He had a heart condition and he had arthritis. The arthritis forced him to use a cane.

But he was a general and he wanted to lead his troops. So lead he did.

With a pistol in one hand and a cane in the other, he became the only General to land with the first wave of troops from any of the allied beaches.

He would earn a Medal of Honor for his actions.